Connect with us

Sci/Tech

2-Million-Year-Old Skull Of Distant Human “Cousin” Discovered

They have larger teeth and smaller brains.

Avatar

Posted

(

)

A A A
  • The ancient skull was believed to have existed on Earth the same time with the Homo erectus, human species’ direct ancestor. This made the Paranthropus robustus our “distant cousin.”
  • Fossil records suggested that our cousin species was much more common on the landscape.
  • Experts believe that there were three human-like species that lived in South Africa at the same time and they were competing with each other.

Archaeologists unearthed a 2-million-year-old skull that was said to be the human species’ distant cousin. The discovery was made in 2018 at the Drimolen archaeological site north of Johannesburg.

The ancient skull was classified as Paranthropus robustus, which was believed to have existed on Earth the same time with the Homo erectus, human species’ direct ancestor.

This made the Paranthropus robustus our “distant cousin.” Although the two species lived during the same time period, the Paranthropus robustus died out earlier.

The dig was conducted by La Trobe University in Australia. The skull was found just meters away from the spot where Homo erectus skull of a child of a similar age was discovered in 2015.

Palaeoanthropologist Angeline Leece explained the major differences between Homo erectus and Paranthropus robustus:

“These two vastly different species — Homo erectus with their relatively large brains and small teeth, and Paranthropus robustus with their relatively large teeth and small brains — represent divergent evolutionary experiments.”

The Paranthropus robustus‘ main diet was mainly tough plants, such as bark and tubers.

She added that although the homo erectus was the one that won out in the end, fossil records suggested that our cousin species was much more common on the landscape.

Experts believe that there were three human-like species that lived in South Africa at the same time and they were competing with each other.

The research team was very excited about the discovery, because most of the fossil record are just teeth. So to find a sizable skull fragment is a huge thing.

During the skull’s discovery in 2018, they hoped that the find will help them understand more about the micro-evolution of humans. It very well looks like their hopes were answered.

The skull has disproved initial thoughts that the ancestral cousins of the human species lived like gorillas in terms of social structures, with bigger, dominant males living with a group of smaller females.

Watch here to know more:

Like Logo on Facebook

These findings were published this month in Nature Ecology and Evolution.

View Comments

Interesting

Map of Supercontinent Pangea Shows Which Countries Were Neighbors 300 Million Years Ago

Europeans can get to Africa by bike and Moroccans can just walk over to Quebec

Avatar

Published

on

  • Amateur cartographer Massimo Pietrobon created a conceptual map called Pangea Politico, which shows what the world looks like if Pangea still remained intact.
  • India and Antartica so close together that they share the same climate.
  • Europeans can get to Africa by bike and Moroccans can just walk over to Quebec.

Continue Reading

Sci/Tech

Xiaomi Overtakes Apple, Becomes The World’s Third-Largest Smartphone Maker

The troubles of Huawei is part of the reason behind Xiaomi’s success.

Avatar

Published

on

  • The company had record-high shipments that happened three months, up to the end of September.
  • Apple, its closest rival, slipped to fourth place.
  • The troubles of Huawei contributed to Xiaomi's rise in numbers.

Continue Reading

Sci/Tech

SpaceX’s Starlink To Provide Internet For 1 Million People Who Will Colonize Mars

“You need to connect the two planets so we make sure we have robust telecom between Mars and back on Earth.”

Mark Andrew

Published

on

  • According to Gwynee Shotwell, president and chief operating officer of SpaceX, the company is aiming to provide internet for 1 million people who will colonize Mars in the future by using Starlink technology.
  • Stable communication between Earth and the Red Planet is a must, she explained.
  • CEO Elon Musk hopes to establish a city of 1 million people there by 2050.

Continue Reading

Popular