If a zombie apocalypse indeed happens, where would you run first? Would you go to a mall where there are lots of food and clothes? Or would you rather run for the nearest prison, where the thick, concrete walls and the cold, steel bars can keep the brain-munching zombies off?
The above-mentioned options don’t sound so bad, do they? Just think of all the important amenities and fancy clothes that can be found in a mall and the guns and ammo that are stored in the armory of a prison. Sounds promising, right?
Do you have any idea where to hide should they come for you?
However, a team of statisticians from the University of Cornell begs to differ. According to them, if your ultimate goal is survival against all odds, malls and prisons aren’t exactly good options. What they suggest as the best choice is to run for a sparsely populated area such as the rocky mountains up north, similar to those found in Montana and Canada.
Based on their model, the statisticians have determined that it might take a few weeks before a full-blown zombie outbreak in a city reaches the rural areas and about a month for mountainous areas, thanks to geographical factors and reduced infection rates. The statisticians also predicted that cities may be the first to fall. However, estimates must be adjusted based on the characteristics of the zombies, that is if they run fast, or if they end up being really smart.
Just imagine a zombie wreaking havoc in a crowded subway.
Alex Alemni, the lead author, said,
“Given the dynamics of the disease, once the zombies invade more sparsely populated areas, the whole outbreak slows down – there are fewer humans to bite, so you start creating zombies at a slower rate.”
They further explained,
“The project was an overview of modern epidemiology modeling, starting with differential equations to model a fully connected population, then moving on to lattice-based models, and ending with a full US-scale simulation of an outbreak across the continental US.”
The model was based on a population of 300 million, with simulations of random interactions between humans, infected humans, zombies, and dead zombies. Ultimately, the team was able to determine which locations would take the longest to reach.
The bad news, however, is that should a zombie apocalypse really occur, the probable future looks dim.
As a conclusion, the team wrote in their abstract that,
“We… discover that for ‘realistic’ parameters, we are largely doomed.”
If you think this is silly, just be aware that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention use zombie outbreak scenarios for training and disaster preparedness programs. They even have recommendations for a zombie attack preparedness plan and comics, too!
Now, if ever a zombie apocalypse occurs, at least we know where to go!
Study Reveals that Chickens Are Not as Dumb as We Think They Are
Definitely not “bird-brained.”
It's about time we see chickens in a different light.
Chickens might just be as smart as other animals, as revealed by a recent study - a far cry from the intellectually unimpressive fowls that we have perceived them to be. According to research, chickens are able to demonstrate behavior suggestive of a certain level of intelligence. For example, roosters call out to hens and pretend that they found food and lure them into having sex.
Dr. Lori Marino, an animal behavior expert, says that such behavior is a manifestation of "Machiavellian intelligence."
Costa Rica Did Not Burn Any Fossil Fuels for 250 Days in 2016
They may very well be the ambassadors of green energy!
If there is a feat that countries all over the world should emulate - this just might be it. Advocates of Mother Earth, all eyes on Costa Rica, a developing country in Central America.
You see, approximately 98% of the country's total electricity demand for the whole 2016 was supplied by renewable sources of energy and they used fossil fuels for only about 2% of their needs. That translates to 250 days in one year. Imagine that!
Costa Rica made use of hydropower, geothermal energy, wind power, biomass, and solar energy. Hydroelectric plants contributed the most, accounting for about 74% of the total energy supply. Geothermal energy accounted for almost 13% while wind energy contributed about 10%. The least used power sources are biomass and solar energy, accounting for 0.72% and 0.01%, respectively. Only 1.88% of the total energy demand was supplied from non-renewable energy sources....
16th Century Boxwood Carvings Are So Tiny You Need X-Rays to View Them
Researchers need x-rays just to view the hidden intricacies of these carvings!
Boxwood carvings went into fashion between the 1500s and the 1530s in Netherlands. They contain intricate carvings of religious events and figures that Catholics could carry around with them wherever they go. However, when the Reformation began, these tiny works of art quickly went out of fashion.
There are only 135 known miniature boxwood carvings and researchers are eager to study them all. However, in order to preserve the carvings, researchers must use micro-CT scanning and Advanced 3D Analysis Software to see the inner layers and hidden details of these carvings.