Researchers Julia Soares and Benjamin Storm from the University of California discovered a photo-taking impairment, which causes captured subjects to become harder to remember for the person taking the photo. Their findings are in a study titled “Forget in a Flash: A Further Investigation of the Photo-Taking-Impairment Effect,” which was recently published in the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.
The two also found that the photo-taking impairment happens even in images that were deleted before viewing. A similar study was conducted by researcher Linda Henkel, who found that taking pictures of artwork in a museum led to problems in accurately recalling the pieces.
The hypothesis was that taking a photo can cause something to be less well remembered because of offloading.
This could be because when we take photos, we rely on our camera to ‘remember’ things for us. Part of the study reads:
“Taking a photo can cause something to be less well remembered than if it is simply observed. This photo-taking-impairment effect has been explained by a cognitive offloading account such that when people take photos they come to rely on the camera to ‘remember’ what was photographed for them, not bothering to remember it for themselves.”
For the study, Soares and Storm used two test groups: Those who used Snapchat and had their photos automatically deleted after 24 hours, and those who manually deleted their photos after taking them.
Results showed that both groups exhibited “a significant photo-taking-impairment effect even though they did not expect to have access to the photos.”
According to the study:
“Experiment 1 tested this hypothesis by using the ephemeral photo-messaging application Snapchat. Photos taken with Snapchat are not saved for future access, and thus an offloading account would seem to predict less impairment as a result of taking photos using Snapchat than as a result of using a traditional camera application because participants should not expect the camera to remember on their behalf. Contrary to this prediction, participants showed just as much impairment after taking photos using Snapchat as they did using a typical camera application.
“In Experiment 2 participants manually deleted photos after taking them. Again, a significant photo-taking-impairment effect was observed even though participants did not expect to have access to the photos.
The experiment did not validate this hypothesis, so the researchers are still unclear as to exactly why and how this photo-taking impairment happens.
“These results suggest that explicit offloading cannot fully account for the photo-taking-impairment effect. Instead, they are more consistent with the idea that photo-taking disrupts how people engage or encode the objects they are viewing, an effect that may have little to do with how photo-taking also has the potential to serve as a form of offloading.”
Zoo Owner Uses ‘Magic Slipper’ To Reprimand Lions That Are Bullying A Small Lioness
The zoo owner was clearly the most terrifying animal in the safari park that day.
A zoo keeper is proving that he is on the top of the food chain. The owner of a Ukranian safari park has just stopped a group of lions from bullying a smaller lioness. However, the daring feat was made even more impressive by his weapon of choice. The brave man used what he called his "magic slipper" to strike fear into the hearts of the predators.
Oleg Zubkov owns the Tagani Safari Park in the Crimea in Ukraine. Interestingly, the zoo director has clearly asserted his dominance over the wild beasts that roam the park. A viral video taken by a visitor features Zubkov marching straight into a pride of lions that are ganging up on a young lioness. Just as the alpha male charges for an attack, the park owner whips off his shoe and whacks the beasts into submission.
After scaring off a large male, Oleg Zubkov raised his 'magic slipper' on another lioness.
The video opens with a shot of a pride of lions seemingly relaxing in the park. However, things got tense when an older lioness appeared to threaten a smaller female. Zubkov immediately moved in to break up the commotion and zeroed in on a large male creeping in on the attacked lioness. Then, with a swift move that would make a Mexican mother proud, the zoo director hurled his slipper at the lion....
Captured Alligator Headbutts Wildlife Trapper, Slaps Police Officer In Fight For Freedom
The angry gator fought back and almost escaped when the trapper lost consciousness.
It was an epic showdown between man and beast. A huge alligator fought back against a wildlife trapper who tried to take it down. The reptile managed to knock the man out with a thundering headbutt. In addition to that, the captured animal slapped a police officer that tried to stop its escape.
The unidentified Florida Fish and Wildlife trapper was called to wrangle the eight-foot-long alligator that was wandering around an Ocoee neighborhood. However, the routine catch-and-release proved to be too much for the man. He was taken down by an unexpected headbutt as the reptile tried to get away from his captors. The trapper had no serious injuries from the encounter.
The alligator seemed docile when the trapper and police officers prepared to take it away.
Jack Redding filmed the incident, which he declared "was pretty crazy." The video shows the trapper being helped by police officers heave the tied-up alligator into the back of a truck. However, the reptile thrashed and flipped its head back, catching the man square in the face. The trapper fell unconscious, forcing the police officers to try to hold the beast down. The animal retaliated by whipping its tail and slapping one officer smartly in the face....
Woman Finally Meets Child Formed From Egg Cell She Donated Two Decades Ago
“It is a mind-bending story. The coincidences are so crazy,” the woman later said.
A woman has finally been reunited with the daughter she was never sure she had. After all, she only donated an egg cell in the past and was left clueless if it was ever used at all.
In order to partly support herself in college, Amy Throckmorton donated her egg cell back in the days. While she was not sure whether the said egg cell was used, she admitted that she always wondered whether someone would come knocking on her door and introduce himself or herself as her child. What Throckmorton did not know, however, was that her egg cell was not only used to give life to another human - the child born partly due to her egg cell had been bent on looking for her!
Elizabeth Gaba was finally led to the woman who makes up half of who she is, thanks to Amy Throckmorton’s photo showing her lounging by the pool.
Since Elizabeth Gaba turned 18, she had already been in active quest for the woman who accounts for half of who she is. Using the file given to her on her birthday (which contains the the photo of her biological mom lounging by the pool and other information), the college student and singer was eventually led to Throckmorton’s door....