Volcanoes may look beautiful and stunning but they are still considered among the most dangerous natural forces on the planet. And since time immemorial, they have wreaked havoc and devastated human lives. In fact, their volatility has changed the world’s landscape over time and claimed the lives of thousands of people.
Elite Readers has managed to compile a list of deadliest volcanic eruptions ever recorded. Check them out below!
#10. Mt. Galunggung, Java Indonesia
In October 1882, Mt. Galunggung laid waste on Earth, killing over 4,000 people in the process. The eruption also destroyed 114 villages, leaving people homeless. This horrific eruption was recorded to be a VEI (Volcanic Explosive Index) 5 volcanic eruption.
#9. Mt. Kelut, Indonesia
5,110 people died on May 19th, 1919 after Mt. Kelut erupted over 100 villages. Lahars were all over and had traveled a distance of 40 kilometers. During its eruption, around 38 million cubic meters of water was immediately ejected from the crater lake.
#8. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
Mt. Vesuvius is perhaps one of the most beautiful volcanoes on the planet. Still, it does not change the fact that it killed 6,000 people in 1631. And since 79 AD, the volcano has erupted countless times. During its eruption, the surrounding villages experienced earthquakes after earthquakes. The eruption lasted for three days.
#7. The Laki Volcanic System, Iceland
Unlike the aforementioned ones, the Laki Volcanic System managed to erupt for eight months. It spewed a total of 14.7 cubic kilometers of lava, with fissures of at least 27km. This happened between June 8th, 1783 and February 8th, 1784. Although it let out a high volume of volcanic material, this was still not the real cause of the huge death toll (9,350). This was actually due to the deadly gas emitted by the volcano which composed of sulfur dioxide, water vapor, carbon dioxide, fluoride, and hydrogen chloride.
#6. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
Here goes this volcano again. On August 24th, AD 79, over 10,000 people died. It devastated two Italian towns, namely Pompeii and Herculaneum. Mt. Vesuvius reportedly emitted a deadly cloud of volcanic gas, ash, stones, and fumes, all of which rose to a whopping height of 33km.
#5. Mt. Unzen, Japan
The eruption of Japan’s Mt. Unzen claimed 12,000 to 15,000 lives. It was deemed as the most catastrophic and deadly eruption in all of the country’s history. Apart from the eruption, it also triggered a landslide and then a tsunami.
#4. Nevado del Ruiz, Columbia
23,000 lives were lost on November 13, 1985, after the volcano erupted. Despite being a medium-sized volcano, the event corrupted all surrounding regions. The eruption happened at night, emitting both hot and cold mudflows. This eventually buried the town of Armero.
#3. Mt. Krakatoa, Indonesia
The eruption of Mt. Krakatoa resulted in a collapse of two-thirds of Krakatoa, as it destroyed a massive proportion of the island. However, its effects were felt across the globe. The sound of the explosion alone was so loud that it reached Australia. Spectacular sunsets were also observed around the planet for months following its eruption, though it took 36,000 lives.
#2. Mt. Pelee, West Indies
Many thought that Mt. Pelee was dormant at the time of the eruption. Unfortunately, a series of eruptions started on April 25th, 1902, leading to its final eruption on May 8th, 1902. The final one was so massive that it destroyed the entire city of St. Pierre. And, oh, there were only two survivors. The rest of the 40,000 were dead.
#1. Mt. Tambora, Indonesia
The eruption of Mt. Tambora on April 10th to 15th, 1816, reduced its height from 13,000 feet to 9,000 feet. Its destructive eruption gave birth to the “year without summer,” as the atmosphere was filled with ash. This subsequently reduced the temperature, a phenomenon that was experienced worldwide. The death toll sat at 92,000, though reports claimed over 100,000 were added after crop failures resulted in the death of people.
New Study Says Human Parasites, Not Rats, Spread The Bubonic Plague
Rats suffered a bad rap on the spread of the Black Death plaque, not until now.
The Black Death plague that came to Europe in the 14th century erased 60 percent of the population. The pandemic, which was considered one of the worst in human history, took the lives of tens of millions of people during outbreaks that occurred for 500 years.
The classic explanation says it was caused by the bacteria called Yersinia pestis, which made rats, gerbils or other rodents their hosts. The bacteria thrived on rodents and fleas bit them. They then jumped unto humans and feasted on their victims.
Rats suffered a bad rap for spreading the Black Death that wiped out a third of the European population.
10 Strange Cases of People Who Rose From the Dead
Being buried alive is probably the worst thing that could ever happen to you.
History is rich with stories about dead people who awoke in their coffins. Take for example Margorie McCall, who, according to an Irish Legend, was called the Lady with the Ring. He reportedly died of fever in 1705 and was quickly buried six feet under, as people wanted to prevent her sickness from spreading. But on the evening of her burial, some snatchers dug her up, hoping to steal her expensive ring and sell her body.
Apparently, Margorie woke up and let out a loud scream as one of the snatchers tried to cut her finger off. One account suggests that the shocked robbers died on the very spot she was buried, though some say that they fled and never raided another dead body again.
Well here are 10 more stories of people who, in some ways, found a way to rise from the dead....
The Sad Story of the Filipino Slave Known As The “Painted Prince”
In the late 1600s, an unfortunate Filipino slave with intricate tattoos was brought to England and became known as the “Painted Prince.”
In the late 1600s, a Filipino slave caused quite a sensation when he arrived in England. The Filipino was given the name "Prince Giolo." People also called him the "Painted Prince" because his body was adorned with intricate tattoos. However, the man didn't exactly live like royalty. In fact, he was treated like a freak and dismissed as a savage.
As it turns out, the Filipino slave wasn't really named Prince Giolo. His real name was said to be Jeoly. His journey to England wasn't by choice. He was a victim of circumstance and other people's greed.
Miangas was once called "Palmas Island."
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