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Atheists Are More Intelligent Than the Religious, According to Study

New paper supports past studies that suggest the same.

A new research paper supports numerous studies from the past decades that suggest religious people have lower intelligence than those who do not believe in God. A meta-analysis by University of Rochester found “a reliable negative relation between intelligence and religiosity” in 53 out of 63 studies.

Authors Edward Dutton and Dimitri van der Linden call their theory the Intelligence-Mismatch Association Model, and it aims to explain the negative correlation between religiosity and intelligence. In their paper, published in Evolutionary Psychology Science, the researchers argue that religion is an “evolved domain” or also called an instinct.

According the researchers, religious people, on average, are less intelligent than atheists because faith is considered an instinct…

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…and smart individuals are better at rising above their instincts.

The model is based on the ideas of evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa. Kanazawa’s Savanna-IQ Principles suggest human behavior and psychology will always be guided and influenced by the environment in which our ancestors developed and evolved.

The model also looked at the generic link between instinct and intelligence.

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The researchers looked at stress and instinct, since people tend to be more instinctive and less rational during stressful times. Rationality or intelligence helps people to prevent acting instinctively during stressful moments.

The authors argue that intelligence allows people during stressful times to think of their options and act rationally rather than give in to knee-jerk responses. Dutton was quoted as saying:

“If religion is indeed an evolved domain – an instinct – then it will become heightened at times of stress when people are inclined to act instinctively, and there is clear evidence for this. It also means that intelligence allows us to able to pause and reason through the situation and the possible consequences of our actions.”

The researchers believe that people leaning toward non-instinctive responses are potentially better problem solvers.

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Van der Linden said:

“This is important, because, in a changing ecology, the ability to solve problems will become associated with rising above our instincts, rendering us attracted to evolutionary mismatches.”

What do you think of this theory? Do you agree?


Why Yakuza Gangsters Cut Off Their Pinky Fingers

Aside from their intricate full-body skin art, another distinct indication that a person may be a member of Yakuza is this – a missing pinky finger.

Aside from their intricate full-body skin art, another distinct indication that a person may be a member of Yakuza is this – a missing pinky finger. It’s an open-secret ritual of the notorious Japanese gang and we’ve seen it depicted even in pop culture, most recently in Netflix’s crime drama movie The Outsider starring Jared Leto.

The tradition, called Yubitsume, requires the amputation of a portion of the said body part as a punishment for a member’s grave wrongdoings. This is their brutal way of showing sincere apology and remorse.

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The Pretty Women Of Paris: A 19th Century Guide To The Country’s Most Famous Hookers

The guide describes the specialities of Paris’ famous prostitutes.

Kate Rochester, a book artist, was browsing through her boyfriend's library when she discovered a worn-out book, The Pretty Women of Paris, which turns out to be a directory of courtesans in the 19th century. It was first published in 1883 by the Prefecture de Police though the author remained unknown.

In the guide, the author thoroughly described the each of the courtesans' specialties and preferences. The book also listed the women's background, including the details of their hoes, the jewelry they liked to wear and even the pets they kept.

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China Looks Like a Magical Place As Cherry Blossoms Bloom to Perfection

It seems the national flower of Japan has found a new home.

When people hear or read “Cherry blossoms,” they often associate it with the spring in Japan. After all, it is one of the things that made the Land of Rising Sun a tourist destination. While this is true, China actually has its own blossoms – and it is quite magical. They are so exceptionally beautiful they could become the country’s national symbol, too. The Sleeping Giant of Asia has been flooded by an ocean packed with colorful blossoms that seem to turn the nation into a magical place.

As expected, hundreds of tourists – and even residents – from across the world are paying China a visit. They want to go to the different sites to admire all of the country’s gorgeous floral children of spring. At Kunming Zoo in Yunnan Province, for instance: The 19th Cherry Blossom Festival has already begun and is expected to last for a month. It features over 5,000 flowering cherry as well as crab-apple trees.

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