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Mysterious Kailasa Temple in India, World’s Largest Structure Carved From a Single Piece of Rock

This is certainly one of humanity’s greatest architectural achievements.


The Kailasa temple in India is one of the country’s largest and greatest monuments. The jaw-dropping site was, believe it or not, carved out of a single piece of rock. Located at the Ellora Caves in Maharashtra, India, the temple has baffled researchers for centuries. It currently holds the record for the world’s largest monolithic structure and without doubt one of the most breathtaking sites on the planet.

It is often overlooked, or at least overshadowed by sites such as the Giza pyramids of Egypt, Stonehenge of England, the Mexican Pyramid of the Sun, Gobekli Tepe in Turkey and so on, but this is certainly one of humanity’s greatest architectural achievements.

Also known as the Kailasanatha temple, it was designed to resemble Mount Kailash, the home of the Hindu god Shiva. Not only is it unique because of its monolithic structure, the temple also features elaborate architectural and sculptural influences.

The Kailasa temple is one of the 34 cave temples and monasteries that form the Ellora Caves. The truth is, nobody really understands how this particular temple was built as it clearly exhibits a far more advanced technology than what we are told the people of India had between the 5th and 10th centuries. It was cut out of solid basalt rock, and the result was this incredible structure that totally boggles the mind.

The temple is thought to have been built during the reign of Krishna I, a ruler of the Rashtrakuta Empire in the 8th century AD and it shows influences from Pallava and Chalukya architecture.

Historians believe it took 18 years to build the temple.

Unlike other temples, the Kailasa temple was excavated downward, making it even more unique. During the excavation, 200,000 to 500,000 tons of solid rock were excavated out of the vertical cliff. But the mysterious part that baffled several researchers. Where did the basalt stones went? It seems to have vanished without a trace along with the tools used to build it.

According to those who have studied the temple, the builders probably started at the top and work downwards carving out one of the most fascinating ancient temple on earth. Since it was a bedrock excavation, there was zero room for error and upon inspection no errors were actually made. This is sophistication to the highest order. But what did the builders used to create it? How did they manage to do it? And how did this tremendously sophisticated knowledge been lost?

A medieval legend from the Marathi people of Maharashtra tells an interesting story. According to the legend, the king was very ill at the time, and his queen prayed to Shiva to cure him. In return, the queen promised to build a temple in his honor and to fast until the construction was done. The god Shiva granted the queen’s wish and construction commenced.

An architect named Kokasa promised the queen he could build the temple in one week, so the queen wouldn’t have to fast for so long and risk her health. Kokasa led the construction, which began from the top and carved the massive stone downward. The one huge stone became a magical underground place filled with various sculptures.

In the base of the temple are carved and painted scenes from the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.

In the main courtyard, there is a monument to Nandi, Shiva’s bull. There are also elephant sculptures at the base of the temple that make it look like they are holding up the whole structure.

There are also a few detached shrines around the temple, three of which are dedicated to Yamuna, Saraswati, and Ganga, the river goddesses from the Hindu mythology.

The Kailasa temple is definitely something you need to add to your list of must-see places.


Tourist Shares Photos and Video Comparing Life In North Korea vs South Korea

“North Korea was definitely the weirdest country I had ever visited.”

We all know North Korea and South Korea but are we really aware how different these two neighboring countries are? Well first and foremost, their official names are respectively Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and Republic of Korea (South Korea).

For the most part, South Korea is known for K-Pop and kimchi while North Korea is popular for its controversial leader Kim Jong Un, along with a string of controversies such as its fake towns and nuclear weapons.

Those who have visited these places will attest that, yes, there are massive differences between the two – and fortunately, we get a good glimpse of both, thanks to the photos taken by this guy.

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78-Year-Old Man Lives Alone In An Island For Almost 30 Years

A 78-year-old man has been living isolation in an island for almost 30 years now and plans to spend the rest of his life alone.

No man is supposed to be an island but this man has made himself an exception to the rule. Now 78 years old, Mauro Morandi has been living extremely isolated at the Budelli Island for almost 30 years now.

Mauro set sail in his catamaran 28 years ago. Already about to fail, Mauro was carried to the above mentioned island where he decided to build a home.

When Mauro landed at the Budelli Island in 1989, he learned that the area caretaker was about to retire. With his catamaran already dilapidated that time, he thought fate already dictated him to change his life and take the job of looking after the island. What's more surprising is he never left his haven ever since.

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National Geographic Unveils Winners of 2017 Travel Photography Competition

National Geographic compiled the most breathtaking photos from all over the world.

Photographers all over the world have been waiting for this moment – the announcement of winners of this year’s National Geographic Travel Photographer of the Year. The annual event seems to be getting more and more competitive with thousands of breathtaking shots from talented photographers. Over 15,000 entries from travelers worldwide vied for the coveted title and prizes.

The stunning photos have their unique way of highlighting the three major categories – nature, people, and cities. Check out the award-winning shots compiled by BoredPanda below.

#1 Grand Prize Winner: The Power Of Nature (Rancho De Aguirre, Colima, Mexico)

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