It’s no secret that the world is full of mysteries. Even though there are people who dedicated their time and effort in learning a lot about the history of this planet, there are still plenty of discoveries being unraveled until today.
In fact, there were incredible archeological discoveries made in 2018 that might change our understanding of history forever. Here are 12 crucial findings last year that have left historians puzzled.
1. Oldest shipwreck found in the bottom of the Black Sea.
A Greek merchant ship dating back more than 2,400 years has been found off the Bulgarian coast in the Black Sea, making it the world’s oldest known intact shipwreck.
2. Archeologists excavate the last unexcavated area of Pompeii.
“During the excavations in Regio V new walls and other treasures are emerging from lapilli. In one of the houses that were partially excavated in the late Nineteenth century – the house of Jupiter – now we can see brightly colored walls and some frescoes, including the first mythological scene found during these excavations: probably it is Adone Wounded in the arms of Aphrodite, surrounded by Cupids.”
3. The first bakers 14,400 years ago.
At least 4,000 years before the start of agriculture, people were already trying to find a recipe for delicious pita. At an archaeological site in northeastern Jordan, researchers have discovered the charred remains of a flatbread baked by hunter-gatherers 14,400 years ago.
4. Incredibly unique mummy found inside a burial site in Egypt.
German and Egyptian archaeologists found an ancient funeral parlor in Egypt and discovered a gilded mask on the mummy of a priest in Saqqara, Egypt. It is from the Saite-Persian period (664-404 BCE).
5. Bacteria that caused The Great Plague also found in skeletons from 3800 BC.
The Great Plague swept through Europe in the 14th century. Recently, archeologists made an astonishing discovery that shows skeletons from around 3800 BC that contained a disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis that circulates among wild rodents where they live in great numbers and density.
6. Oldest human footprint.
The footprints that were found on Calvert Island, Canada in March might be older than 13,000 years and belonged to three people – a child and two others who may have been adults.
7. These 13,000-year-old tools made historians wonder who were the first people to live in America.
Excavations in Texas revealed previously unknown tools which date to between 20,000 and 16,000 years ago, making them thousands of years older than any tool known to belong to the Clovis people, who were believed to be the first people to live in the territory of America.
8. Oldest sketch ever drawn.
Archaeologist found a stone with red lines drawn on it that is believed to be 73,000 years old.
9. Earliest representation of a human body part.
Treasure hunters found the earliest representation of a human body part in Europe using metal detectors alongside a bronze dagger and a rib bone. Now, it has been determined that this artifact dates back to the middle of the Bronze Age.
10. Our ancestors might have been drinking beer earlier that you’d think.
A graveyard cave in Israel had traces of wheat and barley lining pits carved into bedrock over 13,000 years ago, which makes it the oldest man-made alcohol in the world.
11. Sarcophagus bodies with weird red sewage inside.
Speculation and mystery have surrounded the strange black granite box since it was found in Egypt, and some even suggested that it should not be opened, for fear that it could unleash a hideous curse that made this finding raise the most media attention in 2018.
Upon finally being opened, archaeologists found it was filled with dirty water and three skeletons. Shockingly, thousands of people signed a petition to drink the red liquid found in the 2000-year-old sarcophagus.
12. A ramp that may have been used to build pyramids.
Yannis Gourdon, co-director of the joint mission at Hatnub explained how the 4,500-year-old pyramid contraption could have helped Egyptians build pyramids:
“Using a sled, which carried a stone block and was attached with ropes to these wooden posts, ancient Egyptians were able to pull up the alabaster blocks out of the quarry on very steep slopes of 20 percent or more.”
Here’s Why One Man Destroyed One Of The Ancient Wonders Of The World
If you think you’re petty, you’ve obviously never heard about Herostratus.
Most of us can be petty at times but one man took it to a whole new level. He destroyed one of the Ancient Wonders of the World just so everyone will remember his name. Interestingly, not a lot of people have actually heard of him.
The Temple of Artemis was a Greek temple located in Ephesus dedicated to the goddess of the hunt and chastity. It was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World alongside the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Colossus of Rhodes. Although it was rebuilt three times during its existence, it was the shocking actions of one man that enraged ancient worshippers.
The temple's first incarnation was destroyed by a flood but it was the second destruction that enraged the Ephesians.
Origins of Pasta – It’s Not Really From Italy
Many people associate pasta with Italian cuisine, but did it really come from Italy?
Pasta - it’s easily one of the favorite and easiest ingredients to have when you want to make a hearty meal. It comes in different sizes, shapes and even colors for a more enjoyable dish. Many people might think that Italy is the best place to find delicious pasta dishes. After all, it is associated with Italian cuisine.
While it’s true that pasta is a traditional cuisine in Italy and that some of the sumptuous pasta dishes and authentic pasta recipes are found in the country, its actual origin can be traced from someplace else.
Turns out pasta is not really from Italy.
Ancient Village Found In Canada Is Older Than The Egyptian Pyramids
“I remember when we got the dates back, and we just sat back and said, ‘Holy moly, this is old.’”
We generally think of ancient ruins as being found mostly in Europe, Africa or South America where some monuments and buildings have been standing for thousands of years. However, a home recently found in Canada has been carbon-dated and the study suggests that it is even older than the pyramids.
A team of students from the University of Victoria’s archeology department has uncovered the oldest settlement ever to be found in North America. They were digging on Triquet Island, located about 300 miles north of Victoria, British Columbia’s capital when they discovered the ruins.