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The Tsar Bell and Tsar Cannon: Historical Masterpieces of Kremlin

If you happen to visit Kremlin, do not miss the opportunity to visit these amazing structures!

It may sound surprising to some people, but bells and cannons are like siblings. Both are made of the same type of metal, and most of the time, the same metal itself. Historical accounts reveal that bells were melted and made into cannons during wars, and cannons were melted and made into bells in times of peace. So, it would not be unusual to find the best specimens of each featured in one place in Moscow, Russia.

Tsar Bell

Measuring at 6 meters in height and 6.6 meters across, and weighing in at approximately 202 tons, the Tsar Bell is considered to be the largest bell in the world. The bell, decorated on the surface with images of baroque angels and saints and almost life-size images of Tsar Alexey and Empress Anna, was never used. There were three attempts at constructing the bell, and each attempt was met by unfortunate events.

The intricately designed Tsar Bell was cast in the 1730s.

It is believed that if the Tsar Bell is rung, its sound would be heard at a distance of about 50-60 kilometers.

Originally, the bell was smaller than the one currently on display in Kremlin. The bell, which was approximately 18,000 kg in weight, fell to the ground during a fire and was reduced to a pile of several broken pieces. The second Tsar bell, which was heavier and weighed about 100,000 kg, was created using the remnants of the original and smaller bell. Unfortunately, its construction was never realized as it was destroyed in another fire before completion.

The Tsar Bells can be found between the Kremlin Wall and the Ivan the Great Bell Towel.

Source: Wikimapia

The third bell, which is the present-day Tsar Bell, also met another unfortunate incident. To create such massively-sized bell, an equally large pit must be dug to accommodate its size. It took two years to cast the bell, but while cooling, another fire broke out. The guards feared that the flames will damage the bell so they poured cold water over it, causing the metal to crack. Consequently, a huge chunk broke and fell off. After about a century in the pit, the bell was raised and was placed on a pedestal in Kremlin.

The slab that fell off weighs about 11 tons.

Tsar Cannon

Another colossal structure that can be found in Kremlin is the Tsar Cannon. Weighing at about 40 tons with a caliber of 890 mm, it is considered to be the largest cannon on Earth. Andrei Chekov, a master bronze craftsman, built the massive cannon in 1586 on order of Tsar Theodore I, the son of Ivan the Terrible.

The Tsar Cannon is believed to have been built to emphasize a show of power rather than for actual military purposes.

The Tsar cannon never served its purpose as artillery during a war, as its size prevented it from successfully firing a cannonball without being wrecked. Mostly, it served a symbolic purpose. However, an analysis of the structure in the late 20th century revealed that it, indeed, had been fired at least once, probably a grapeshot rather than a single cannonball.

Originally, the Tsar Cannon stood in Red Square. After more than a century, it was moved to Kremlin, to where it is erected at present.

Large cannon balls, each weighing about one ton, are placed in front of the muzzle for added effect.

History

12 Popular Quotes that People Get Wrong All the Time

“Don’t believe everything you read on the internet.” – Abraham Lincoln

Inserting famous quotes into a conversation will usually make you seem smart and well-read, but be careful who you quote! These popular quotes are now commonplace in perfectly filtered Instagram posts. However, if you look into the history and context of these quotes, you might find that their real meaning has been misinterpreted over the years.

1. "Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou, Romeo?"

This famous quote for "Romeo and Juliet" has been understood as Juliet asking where Romeo is. But "wherefore art" actually mean "why," as in "Why are you a Montague, my family's sworn enemy?"

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History

The Ancient ‘Cart Tracks’ Of Phrygia Valley Have Puzzled Experts Throughout The Years

Geologists and archaeologists couldn’t agree about the origin and purpose of these mysterious ruts.

Found in the Phrygian Valley of Turkey are some mysterious "cart tracks" of ancient origin. These so-called tracks are, for some reason, cut into the bedrock and are spaced very evenly, as if they were made by cart wheels or some other vehicle.

The ruts itself are pretty deep, with some reaching as much as three feet, and so many experts who studied it are left puzzled over its origin. To add to the dilemma of researchers, it has proved difficult for them to pinpoint the exact date that the tracks were made with some speculating that the ruts were likely made millions of years ago.

So who could have made all these marks and how did they do it?

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History

Called The ‘Wheel Of Giants,’ The Rumj El-Hiri Has Left Experts Baffled For Centuries

Although hardly visible from the ground, this mysterious monument’s patterns look truly impressive from the air.

Some ancient structures can really be shrouded with mystery. Case in point, the Rujm el-Hiri may simply be a bunch of stone circles for casual observers but there’s something about it that makes it particularly interesting.

Besides, the large stone monument has patterns that are hardly visible from the ground but are, quite impressively, only visible from the air.

rujm-el-hiri-2

Source: Flickr

The pile of stone rings form what appears to be a design of a wheel!

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