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Study Explains Why You Should Stop Taking Notes Using Your Laptop

The processing of information that happens when writing down notes can help with retention of information.

A new study published in Psychological Science shows that taking notes by hand, instead of typing them up in devices, may bring more benefits to learners. Pam A. Mueller of Princeton University and Daniel M. Oppenheimer of the University of California, Los Angeles conducted the study to see how these two methods differ and affect learning.

The two classified note-taking in two ways: generative and nongenerative. The former means “summarizing, paraphrasing, concept mapping,” while the latter pertains to noting down something verbatim.

One of the hypotheses is that the process involved in taking notes helps improve learning and retention.

Source: Pixabay

Another hypothesis is that learning also happens when the person looks back at their notes, or even at other people’s notes. Mueller told NPR:

“When people type their notes, they have this tendency to try to take verbatim notes and write down as much of the lecture as they can. The students who were taking longhand notes in our studies were forced to be more selective — because you can’t write as fast as you can type. And that extra processing of the material that they were doing benefited them.”

For the study, university students were shown TED talks about various topics.

Source: Pixabay

They found that the students with laptops had significantly more words in their notes than those who wrote by hand. They then tried to see how well the students remembered information.

When asked about simple facts, like dates, both groups performed well. But for the “conceptual-application” questions (“How do Japan and Sweden differ in their approaches to equality within their societies?”), the laptop users did “significantly worse.”

A second study, wherein students with laptops were told to avoid writing down their notes in verbatim, showed the same result.

Source: Pixabay

The more words were copied verbatim, the worse the students performed during recall tests. Mueller was quoted as saying:

“Even when we told people they shouldn’t be taking these verbatim notes, they were not able to overcome that instinct.”

A third study gave the students the chance to review their notes before a test. Still, those who wrote down their notes by hand performed better in the test. The authors wrote:

“This is suggestive evidence that longhand notes may have superior external storage as well as superior encoding functions.”

Others

Russia’s Psychic Cat Achilles Correctly Predicts World Cup Opening Game Winner

But can he predict the 2018 FIFA World Cup champion?

The new Nostradamus might be an adorable furry critter. A sweet Russian cat has been chosen to predict the outcome of the first game of the 2018 FIFA World Cup. It may seem hard to believe but the feline was spot on with his prediction.

Achilles is already a modern day prophet. After all, the cat correctly predicted most of the results in last year's Confederate Cup in Russia. Nevertheless, people wondered if the adorable feline will manage to prophesy what would happen in this year's World Cup opening game. Achilles had to choose between Russia and Saudi Arabia, and managed to predict the motherland's stunning victory.

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Others

Dog Interrupts MLB Baseball Game, Gets Rewarded With A Ball And A New Friend

The pooch thought the baseball team was trying to play fetch with her!

One lucky dog had a truly awesome day at the park. A young German Shepherd got to watch a Minor League Baseball game with her owner. In addition to that, the pooch got to play a game of fetch and made a new friend. She also went home with a ball and won the hearts of many fans.

The MLB team Tulsa Drillers recently had a Bark at the Park Night when they went up against the Northwest Arkansas Naturals. The event allows fans to bring their dogs to the field while the NWA infielders were warming up. One pooch noticed that the players were throwing a ball around. The excited German Shepherd immediately broke away from her owner and dashed to join the baseball players.

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Art

Artist Shares Emotional Comic About Finding Your Childhood Bully After Many Years

This is how bullying can haunt your life for years and years to come…

If you’ve ever been bullied as a child, you know the effects can stay with you for a long time. Harsh words and deeds can really scar the soul and there’s always the possibility that you’ll never forget the bad experience way into your adult years.

This is exactly what Meghan Lands has been through and she accurately captured how it feels like in a short comic. Now an artist, Meghan has “spent the last 20 years trying to forget her first 10.”

Despite that, the Canada-based illustrator recently took the time to look for her bully on Facebook and it made her realize and remember many things. Needless to say, it has been an emotional rollercoaster for her.

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