In the last five years, NASA astronomers, with the use of the Hubble Space Telescope, have observed water vapor plumes erupting from the surface of Jupiter’s moon, Europa. Out of 10 observation sessions, they were able to see these water vapor emissions 3 times. This information was publicly released last September 26th 2016.
Scientists have estimated the volume of these plumes to be about 5,000 to 7,000kg of water mass per second. That’s like spouting out an Olympic-sized swimming pool each minute!
According to William Sparks, the leading astronomer for this research endeavor with the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, “The chances of this occurring due to randomness is very low. The problem is that there may be something we don’t understand about the instrument or what Europa looks like in ultraviolet light. These are difficult wavelengths for Hubble. I’m not aware of any natural explanation for this besides water plumes.”
The water plumes spout out 5,000 to 7,000kg of water mass per second!
The scientists expect to be able to collect better data about these plumes with the James Webb Space Telescope, which will launch in 2018.
So why does this matter? First of all, it would make it easier for scientists to study the oceans beneath the moon’s surface. In addition to that, this news comes in tandem with NASA taking steps to launch a pair of missions to Europa in the 2020s.
The same engineers who spearheaded Curiosity’s landing on Mars will be working on a plan to land a probe on Europa’s icy surface. Naturally, this is no easy feat as Jupiter’s gravity pushes and pulls the icy surface of Europa by several meters every few days. Gathering information on these underground oceans would be like drilling through kilometers of rock hard ice. On top of that, the radiation from nearby Jupiter could kill a human in a matter of hours.
Watch the video of Europa’s plumes here:
Stephen Hawking on Why We Should Be Careful About Contacting Aliens
Stephen Hawking warns us against contacting alien life forms and cites humanity’s own recent history.
Stephen Hawking has talked about this before, but it's worth repeating since it could spell the future of mankind. In his half-hour documentary called "Stephen Hawking's Favorite Places," the famed physicist travels through the universe in his fictional vessel called the SS Hawking. The program explores many unique locations in the cosmos, among which is is Gliese 832c, a so-called super-Earth found 16 light-years away from the Solar System.
In case you're curious, here's the trailer for Stephen Hawking's Favorite Places.
Stephen Hawking says, "If intelligent life has evolved [on Gliese 832c], we should be able to hear it. One day we might receive a signal from a planet like this, but we should be wary of answering back. Meeting an advanced civilization could be like Native Americans encountering Columbus. That didn't turn out so well."...
Elon Musk Says We Have to Leave Earth For ONE Critical Reason
“Either we spread Earth to other planets, or we risk going extinct. An extinction event is inevitable and we’re increasingly doing ourselves in,” says Elon Musk.
Based on all the data we've gathered about our planet's early years, we all know that Earth has taken on a ton of damage - from the occasional minor meteor strike, to the widely-believed asteroid that killed off the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago.
Taking hits from foreign space rocks has been going on billions of years, and recently we even got a giant 20-meter meteor called the Chelyabinsk meteor that hit Russia and injured thousands of people.
The Chelyabinsk meteor hit Russia and caused massive damage. But that's nowhere near the magnitude of meteors that have hit us in the past!
Turkish Engineers Just Built A Real-Life Transformer That Changes From BMW To Robot
Your childhood fantasy just came true!
If you, like me, grew up watching the animated series and playing with the action figures, then this is absolutely a dream come true for you.
A bunch of Turkish engineers just created a real-life Transformer car which, like our favorite Autobots and Decepticons, transforms from vehicle mode to robot mode – and vice versa.
So yes, there’s really more to this sporty red BMW than meets the eye!...
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