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History

Mauthausen Stairs: A Brutal Reminder Of The Hitler’s Reich

Located not so far away from Linz was a concentration camp that housed prisoners of war, and on its steps died many innocent prisoners.

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Ever so often, there are stories about the holocaust that happened under Hitler’s Reich. The brutality of it all, from small children to old men and women left a deep mark on everyone who have survived it and who has listened to the stories of the old. Concentration camps were camps in which prisoners of war were sent to, either to die by force labor or through gas chambers.

Many of you may not have heard about the “Mauthausen Stairs of Death” in the Mauthausen Concentration Camp. The camp is located some 20 kilometers east of the city of Linz in upper Austria. The camp was one of the biggest concentration camps during the war, with a central camp in Mauthausen and many subcamps located throughout Austria and southern Germany.

A side by side picture the stairs of death at a time of the holocaust was and a time of peace.

Source: Flickr

The Mauthausen camp was located near a granite quarry wherein many of the prisoners were forced to do hard labor. There were infamous steps in the Mauthausen Camp, the stairs came to be named as the “Mauthausen Stairs of Death” because it has caused so many of the lives of the prisoners in the camp.

The Mauthausen Concentration Camp was classified as a Grade III prison camp during the holocaust.

The prisoners of war in Mauthausen would quarry stones for Hitler's plans of building a city.

Prisoners would climb up the 186 steps of the stairs in Mauthausen carrying extremely heavy stones from the quarry. Stones that weighed up to 50 kg, due to exhaustion and sometimes the heat, many of the prisoners would succumb to the rigorous labor and faint, leading the stone they carry falling at their backs to the other prisoners. It would create a domino effect as the stone tumbles down, crushing body parts of the prisoners in its wake.

SS officers would strike fear in the hearts of many of the prisoners of war as Hitler’s power grew and grew.

The SS called Mauthausen, Knochenmühle, or the bone grinder, as many prisoners would be crush from the heavy stones.

A prisoner of war from Mauthausen wrote a book about his experiences there and described the grueling conditions of the camp.

The Mauthausen Stairs of Death is now a landmark and a tourist attraction. The stairs have been fixed to be easily climbed compared to the time during the war where it was muddy and slippery. It is a reminder of the brutality that happened in Germany a long time ago, when the people were divided by a man who sought power through his evil ways.

As time went by, Mauthausen Stairs of Death is now overgrown with bushes, cemented, and became one of the biggest tourist attraction.

What was once before a laborious place to walk, the Stairs of Death has become a ground for residents to jog and walk

Having been straightened the stairs no longer look as eerie as it was before.

The stairs that took so many innocent lives during the holocaust. Little do people know about the monstrosities that has happened here.

History

Two Babies Were Exiled on this Abandoned Island as Part of a Bizarre Experiment

In 1443, King James IV approved a language deprivation experiment involving two babies who were exiled to Scotland’s Inchkeith Island.

The abandoned Inchkeith Island is located in the Firth of Forth, which is the estuary of the River Forth in Scotland. According to historical accounts, people lived on the island intermittently many centuries ago. It also happens to be the location of a strange language deprivation experiment.

In her article on Urban Ghosts, Alice McGurran wrote, "It was an important island, strategically and militarily, and therefore suffered many attacks from the 14th century onward, first during the Scottish Wars of Independence, right through until World War Two."

Inchkeith Island might as well be called "Exile Island."

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History

Mao Zedong’s Sparrow Campaign Caused One of the Worst Environmental Disasters in History

Mao made waves across the world when he established the People’s Republic of China, but did you know that he also caused a huge environmental disaster?

Under Mao Zedong's leadership, China underwent a series of changes to improve and modernize life for its citizens. One of these campaigns had to do with eradicating sparrows because they were eating too much grain. This was called the Four Pests Campaign (or Kill a Sparrow Campaign), which was part of the Great Leap Forward, undertaken between 1958 and 1962. The four pests in the campaign were rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows.

Citizens were given the order to do whatever they could to eradicate the birds. This included beating drums to scare them off from landing, which forced them to fly until they died of exhaustion. People also shot down sparrows and tore down their nests. It also gave people something to do with all their free time. Their goal was to push the birds close to extinction in China.

Sparrows were said to eat too much grain, so the Chinese government wanted them eliminated.

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History

6 Strange Historical Objects that Remain Unsolved up to Now

History and strange artifacts never really did mix well. Mysteries are often left unsolved for several millennia.

The thing with history is that it spans thousands of years and people from our time will never really know the exact things that have happened in the past. Historians can only piece together a story based on the data and facts gathered. Artifacts excavated by archaeologists can only confuse us all the more because of questions brought up.

In fact, there have been so many diggings which have made these researches much more interesting and fun. Several historical objects have been unearthed that historians have yet to explain what these were even made for:

1. Giant stone spheres of Costa Rica

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