The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) has given the Philippines an international legal victory. It has ruled that China did not have the right to claim the disputed territories in the South China Sea. It also said that China had committed violations by building structures in the area.
The PCA is essentially an international tribunal based in The Hague, Netherlands. It was established under the 1899 Hague Peace Conference. The PCA is tasked to resolve conflicts between its 119 member states.
The Scarborough Shoal is part of the disputed area.
Long-running dispute: Philippines vs. China
The China-Philippines territorial conflict started in 1947. That was when China marked its claim on the South China Sea with a U-shaped line made up of eleven dashes on the map.
In 1953, the Communist Party took over and removed the Gulf of Tonkin portion of the territorial claim. This erased two of the dashes on the map. Thus, China had a nine-dash line claim from thereon.
China's nine-dash line claim.
In 1994, the Philippines asserted its rights on the disputed territories under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The UNCLOS defines — among other things — the exclusive economic zones of each member state. Aside from the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Indonesia also protest China’s territorial claim.
David vs Goliath: A Chinese coast guard ship and a Philippine supply boat engage in a standoff.
Over the years, China did reclamation projects in the disputed area. During this time, various Philippine vessels report being harassed or driven away by alleged members of the China Coast Guard.
The Chinese government's construction at the Fiery Cross Reef.
In 2009, China submitted its nine-dash line claim at the United Nations. China made this move in response to applications by Vietnam and Malaysia “for recognition of extended continental shelves.”
In 2013, the Philippines brought its dispute against China to the PCA.
The structure China built on the Mischief Reef.
The arbitration ruling
The PCA released the document explaining its ruling, “The South China Sea Arbitration Award of 12 July 2016.” The document is around 500 pages long.
In a nutshell, the PCA basically pointed out: “Although Chinese navigators and fishermen, as well as those of other States, had historically made use of the islands in the South China Sea, there was no evidence that China had historically exercised exclusive control over the waters or their resources.”
Moreover, the PCA also stated that China had harmed the environment with its extensive reclamation projects in the disputed territory.
There's a wealth of gas and oil reserves in the area.
Indeed, scientists have identified the presence of oil and gas reserves in the disputed territories.
As expected, Filipinos celebrated the PCA’s landmark ruling. The country’s Foreign Affairs secretary, Perfecto Yasay, stated, “The Philippines strongly affirms its respect for this milestone decision as an important contribution to ongoing efforts in addressing disputes in the South China Sea (West Philippine Sea).”
Filipinos are jubilant over the PCA ruling in Metro Manila.
Yasay also added, “The Philippines reiterates its abiding commitment to efforts to pursue the peaceful resolution and management of disputes with a view to promoting and enhancing peace and stability in the region.”
China has rejected the PCA’s ruling. In fact, Chinese President Xi Jinping reiterated that the South China Sea has been their territory since “ancient times.” For its part, the Chinese Foreign Ministry declared that it “opposes and will never accept” the said ruling either.
Meanwhile, the Philippine Embassy in China reminded Filipinos there to “be careful in the face of threats to their welfare and the safety of their belongings because of the current situation or political issue.”
The calm scene near the Philippine Embassy in Beijing.
In any case, the Philippine embassy in Beijing was cordoned off following the PCA ruling. Perhaps, the Chinese government anticipated protests to ensue because of the decision in favor of the Philippines. But, so far, foreign journalists in China reveal that there seems to be no sign of unrest.
Then again, China is expected to contest the ruling. So, this dispute really isn’t over yet. For now, though, Filipinos can simply take some time to enjoy their victory.
Pineapple Planted in Tacloban After Super Typhoon Haiyan Yields Giant Fruit
A boy who planted the pineapple shortly after Typhoon Haiyan devastated Tacloban City was shocked by the unusually large fruit.
People are currently talking about a giant pineapple in Tacloban City. Indeed, Jenette Fariola-Ruedas of ABS-CBN News in the Philippines has reported that the fruit is shaped like "an inverted heart."
A young boy named Steve Nash Diaz planted the pineapple during a very bleak period in the city. In November 2013, Typhoon Haiyan — known as Super Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines — hit the country's Visayas region.
The Category 5 storm wreaked havoc in Tacloban City. In fact, storm surges that were 15 to 25 feet high battered the coastal community. At the peak of the storm, the wind speeds reached up to 195 miles per hour....
Angry Mom Warns Parents After Baby Came Out Crying From A Tunnel Slide
Normally parents would love to bring their kids in a safe place to roam around and play. The only worries they have in mind when staying outside of the house is to encounter any child tripping.
The playground is a heaven for every child. They are free and they have the chance to make friends with other kids. A one fine day, Amy Smith brought her daughter to a playground in the United Kingdom, and what happened to her daughter is truly traumatic.
Amy Smith reiterates the joy they both felt,when she helped her baby Demi-Mai, to climb the rope in the unsafe playground in the United Kingdom. ...
Philando Castile, the Black Man Shot by a Police had a Lengthy of Traffic Offenses
Unbelievably, Castile had a lot of traffic offenses, accused and convicted, since he was 17.
Remember Philando Castile? The black man who was killed by a Minnesota cop that was streamed live by his girlfriend? It was revealed that he faced a lengthy of traffic offenses when he was still alive, which started since he was 17.
A publication unveiled that it was not the first time that Castile had been stopped by the police. He was already pulled over for about 31 times for the past 14 years and pressed with a number of misdemeanors.
Philando Castile and his Girlfriend
Like Us On Facebook
Daredevil Tried Proving Earth Is Flat, Dies After Launching Himself in Homemade Rocket
Teacher Stumbles Upon an Adorable Sight of Three Baby Bears “Dancing” in the Forest
A Puppy Who Can’t Walk Becomes Friends With a Pigeon Who Can’t Fly
Teen Girl Shares Sad Story of Living In The Wuhan Outbreak
A “Prophet” in Malawi Allegedly Sells Soap That Can Wash Away Your Sins
Is Quaden Bayles Really 18 Years Old and His Bullying Story a Scam?
Woman Captures Powerful “Eye of the Storm” Photo When Storm Ciara Subsided
Calf Born on Valentine’s Day Has a Perfect Heart-Shaped Mark on Her Forehead